Analisis Margin Tataniaga Dan Farmer’s Share Tandan Buah Segar Kelapa Sawit Di Kecamatan Babahroet Kabupaten Aceh Barat Daya

Firdaus Firdaus, Sri Fitri, Hadi Karisman

Abstract


For the development of agriculture and plantations, there needs to be government policies, especially in the production trading sector. Oil palm Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) trading requires special handling. The FFB that has been harvested must be immediately transported to the factory to be processed in the form of PKO (Palm Kornel Oil) and CPO (Crude Palm Oil) production. The research objective was to determine the size of the FFB trading margin in each of the trading institutions involved and the percentage value of Farmer's share received by oil palm farmers. The location of this research is in Babahroet Subdistrict, Aceh Barat Daya District, which is determined by "purposive sampling". The research method used is "Survey Method". The sampling technique for farmers was done by simple random sampling. and “Census” for traders. The qualitative analysis of the trading arrangements for fresh oil palm fruit bunches is described descriptively to describe in detail the trading system and channel of trade in the research area. Meanwhile, quantitative analysis is carried out through the trading margin approach, farmer share. The results showed that there were three trading channels that were passed, namely: (1) Trading channel I, namely: Farmers - Village Collectors - District Collectors - Palm Oil Mill (PKS), (2) Trading Channels II, namely: Farmers - District Level Collectors - PKS, (3) Trade channel III, namely: Farmers - Village Collectors - PKS. The trading margin in channel I was 237.67 (27.47%), channel II was 210.87 (24.38%) and channel III was 206.24 (24.73%). The Farmer's Share value on channel I was 72.53%, on channel II was 75.62% and on channel III was 75.26%. All three channels are efficient. The most efficient channel is the trading channel II.

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